FCC certification is again called as American federal communication certification, FCC ( Federal Communications Commission ) is American federal communication committee) in 1934 from COMMUNICATIONACT establishment is a independent organization of American government, directly take the responsibility for Congress. FCC coordinates the communication of home and world through controlling radio broadcast, television, telecommunications, satellite and cable. Is concerned with the American state, Colombia as well as America more than fifty the area attached, to ensure the radio concerning life property and the safety of wire communication product, the project technical department of FCC ( Office of Engineering and Technology ) take the responsibility for the tech support of committee , at the same time take the responsibility for equipment to approve the general affairs of aspect. A lot of radio application product, communication product and digital product will enter American market, ask FCC approve. FCC committee investigates and studies every stage of product safety in order to find out the best method of solving problem , at the same time, FCC also includes the detection of radio installation and aerial ware and so on.
According to the American stipulation in federal communication regulations related part ( CFR47 part ), the electronic kind of product that enters America all need to carry out electromagnetism compatible certification ( some products that stipulates especially concerning term is excepted ) , more common certification way has 3 kinds: Certification DoC Verification. The optional certification way of product of this 3 kinds of product that certification way and program have greater discrepancy and difference has related stipulation in FCC. The strictly level successively decrease of its certification.
According to this 3 kinds of certification, FCC committee also has related requirement for each lab. Now America already continuous few harvests is the second trading partner of our country, Sino-U.S. trading business volume submit year by year uptrend, therefore for beautiful export, do not allow Xiao Qu. Import regulations and the product technical standard of America strict can weigh world first, know America market access rule will help the product of our country open American market further.
Federal communication committee( FCC )---- management import and use radio frequency installation, include computer, facsimile apparatus, electronic installation and radio to take over and transmit equipment, the radio toy of remote control, telephone and personal computer as well as is other and possible to hurt the product of personal safety. These products go to America if thinking of export, the approval and detection that must go on through the laboratory that authorizes by government according to FCC technical standard. It accords with FCC standard that importer and Customs agent will report every radio frequency installation, FCC permit.
FCC certification process:
1 . accordance statement:
Product is taken the responsibility for ( manufacturer or importer ) will product in the qualified detection organization of designated FCC for product carry out detection, make detection report, if product accords with FCC standard, add on product to paste corresponding label, in user uses handbook, state concerning accord with FCC standard stipulation, and reservation detection report is wanted for FCC rope.
2, apply for ID , apply for a FRN first to fill out other form. If apply for person, it is Grantee Code that applies for FCC ID for the first time and need to apply for a perpetual. In wait FCC authorized minute give application person Grantee Code at the same time, apply for person should firmly grasp time will equipment carry out detection.
When preparing to own , FCC asks the material that submited and when detection report has been completed , FCC should have approved Grantee Code. Apply for person to use the material of this Code, detection report and requirement in net Form159 and FCC Form731 of finishing. FCC receive Form159 and remittance after, begin to accept the application of certification. The average time that FCC accepts ID application is 60 days. Accept to finish , FCC can send Original Grant of FCC ID to apply for person. Apply for person to take after certificate can sell or export corresponding product.
Handle FCC certification the information
1.Application that need to submit the manufacturer business of certification product with application detailed connection and the full name of certification side communication address;
2.Offer use and the installation of the certification product that gives user the duplicate of handbook. ( as this product still have no user handbook, can offer the draft of related content duplicate );
3.Product electrical principle picture and working principle explain. ( as product have earthing or antenna, should describe );
4.The working vibration frequency meter of related goods should list correspondingly vibration frequency and the spread route of signal in table;
5.The product characteristic that other some needs explain.
1.Related file information need to be Chinese and English;
2.to shorten certification period the information that offers had better be electronic document form;
3.in certification course need enterprise probably according to some special conditions to mend deliver other extra related information.
Industry Canada (IC) as a government agency, make the test standards for analog and digital terminal equipment, responsible for electrical and electronic products certification affairs into Canada market, prescribed import electronic products must pass the EMC certification. Its product is roughly for radio and television equipment, information technology equipment, radio equipment, telecommunications equipment, medical equipment and so on. Similar to the United States FCC, but IC is only limit on electromagnetic interference.
The letters ‘CE’ appear on many products traded on the extended Single Market in the European Economic Area (EEA). They signify that products sold in the EEA have been assessed to meet high safety, health, and environmental protection requirements. When you buy a new phone, a teddy bear, or a TV within the EEA, you can find the CE mark on them. CE marking also supports fair competition by holding all companies accountable to the same rules.
By affixing the CE marking to a product, a manufacturer declares that the product meets all the legal requirements for CE marking and can be sold throughout the EEA. This also applies to products made in other countries that are sold in the EEA.
There are two main benefits CE marking brings to businesses and consumers within the EEA:
-Businesses know that products bearing the CE marking can be traded in the EEA without restrictions.
-Consumers enjoy the same level of health, safety, and environmental protection throughout the entire EEA.
CE certification can be said to be the world's most advanced product conformity assessment model, it takes the lead in introducing concept of module, a performance assessment for CE marking products by evaluation module and is made up of the assessment module of assessment program. In general, the evaluation module has the following kinds:
A: Self claims (self declared by the producer and provide product key technical data)
B: Type testing (product fully tested by the EU notified body)
C: Notified body for the product production factory audit
D: Notified body for production and quality management system of factory audit
E: Notified body for the quality management system to review traders and other middlemen
F: Notified body for the EU ashore the batch products to be imported for review
G: Notified body for the EU has yet to conduct pilot testing of products to be imported for including the type of the comprehensive review of the test
VCCI is the EMC certification mark of Japan, which is managed by the Japanese electromagnetic interference control council for interference by information technology equipment. VCCI certification is specifically for the electromagnetic emission control of IT equipment. The certification belongs to the EMC certification of products, which is different from the certification system applicable to various products in other countries. VCCI certification is not mandatory and is based on the principle of voluntariness, but it is adopted by many companies to prove the quality of products. Therefore, VCCI certification is only "voluntary" in theory, and market pressure makes it implemented in practice. Only VCCI laboratory members are qualified to do this certification, that is, laboratories with VCCI authorization certificate can issue such reports. VCCI members are worldwide, not limited to Japan.
Manufacturers should first apply to become a member of VCCI before they can use the VCCI logo. In order to obtain the approval of VCCI, the provided EMI test report must be issued by the VCCI registered and recognized testing agency. There is no immunity standard in Japan at present. The organization's EMC standards are entirely based on the international standard CISPR 22.
Products that pass the VCCI standard will allow the correct VCCI label to be placed on the product. The A-level label of the product should indicate that the product meets the RF radiation terms, otherwise, the B-grade product only needs to display the basic VCCI symbol.
VCCI certification process：
1、The manufacturer or agent makes an oral or written preliminary application to the certification company.
2、The applicant shall fill in the application form and send the application form, product instruction and technical documents to the certification company (if necessary, the applicant company shall provide a prototype).
3、The certification company draws up the plan and offers.
4、The applicant confirms the offer, signs back the quotation, and sends the samples and relevant technical documents to the certification company.
5、The applicant shall provide technical documents.
6、The certification company issues a charge notice to the applicant, and the applicant prepays the certification fee according to the charge notice.
7、The certification company shall review the technical documents and organize relevant certification activities.
8、If the technical documents are not perfect or the specified language is not used, the certification company will inform the applicant for improvement.
9、If the test fails, the certification company will inform the applicant in time and decide whether to suspend the project according to the situation, and allow the applicant to improve the product. The applicant shall modify the technical data in the original application so as to reflect the actual situation after the change.
10、The certification company will issue a supplementary charge notice to the applicant for the rectification costs involved in Article 9 above.
11、The applicant shall pay the rectification fee according to the supplementary charge notice.
12、The certification company shall provide the applicant with test report or technical documents and VCCI conformity certificate.
TELEC is a compulsory certification for wireless products in Japan, some of which are similar to SRRC in China. It follows the electric wave law of Japan. The specific test specification is in accordance with the notice No.88 regulation of MIC (Ministry of general affairs of Japan), and the updating and maintenance of test specification is also carried out by mic. The radio law requires the type approval (i.e. technical regulation compliance certification) of specified radio equipment. TELEC certification is mandatory, and the certification authority is the registered certification authority recognized by mic in the specified range of radio equipment. TELEC (Telecom Engineering Center) is the main registration and certification authority of Japan's radio equipment compliance certification.
TELEC certification includes Test Certification and Type Certification.
1、Test certification is for each equipment unit, which is only valid for each verified equipment unit;
2、Type approval refers to the verification of samples of a batch of equipment of the same design and manufacture, which is valid for the batch of equipment. However, if the design or manufacture of the equipment is changed, the equipment will need to be re certified.
BSMI is the abbreviation of "bureau of standards, metrology and inspection" of Taiwan economic ministry. According to the announcement of Taiwan's Ministry of economy, since July 1, 2005, products entering Taiwan shall be subject to the supervision of electromagnetic compatibility and safety regulations. According to the different products, it can be divided into the following three certification methods:
Batch inspection of type approval
There are computers, cash registers, analog or hybrid automatic data processors, portable digital automatic data processors, other digital automatic data processors, other digital automatic data processing machines, 8471.41 or 8471.49 Digital processing units, terminals, dot matrix listers, laser listers, daisy wheel listers, other tabulators, keyboards, image scanners, other input or output units, calculators with special program control or word processors with memory energy, magnetic or optical readers, data input devices for input data processors, and others Twenty five products including automatic data processor, automatic teller machine, uninterruptible power supply (capacity not exceeding 10 kV / a), other uninterruptible power supply units, electrical machines with translation or dictionary functions, drawing table with data processing system and drawing machine with data processing system.
There are two types of type approval:
1、Since January 1, 2004, 178 kinds of electronic and electrical products need to apply for the type approval (EMC + safety). Applicable standards: EMC + safety, and the documents to be provided include (product type approval application, company or factory license, test report, technical documents for electromagnetic compatibility: photos, labels, parts with electromagnetic interference, block diagram and operation manual, and technical documents of safety regulations). Certificate validity: three years, can be extended once.
2、EMC type approval (replacing the original EMC application) shall be enforced from November 1, 2002. Applicable products: 61 electronic and electrical products only have EMI requirements, 124 electronic and electrical products only need EMI + safety report (if the products have safety requirements). Applicable standard: only EMI. The documents to be provided include (application for EMC type approval, test report, technical documents: photos, labels, parts with EMC, block diagram and operation manual).
"Electrostatic converters for automatic data processors and their ancillary units and communication devices" and "other switching power supplies" have been changed from the method of conformity declaration inspection to commodity verification and registration.
Declaration of conformity
1、There are pocket data machines with computing functions, machines for reproducing and displaying, electronic calculators (not operated by external power supply), electronic calculators with list devices, other electronic calculators, other calculators, hard disk drives, soft disk drives, optical disk drives, other disk drives, other storage units, and other automatic data processing units The parts and accessories of class 8471.10 machines (limited to the inspection of class B computer motherboards and class B computer cards with I / O) and other 17 items are the products for which the declaration of conformity inspection is implemented.
2、Eight items of products, including word processor, automatic typewriter, electric typewriter, other electric typewriter, Braille typewriter (weight not more than 12 kg), blind Braille typewriter (weight over 12 kg), non electric typewriter (weight not more than 12 kg) and other non electric typewriters are listed as Doc inspection.
3、Electronic calculator (excluding external power supply operator), internal magnetic (optical) disc drive, computer motherboard and internal card are not included in the scope of safety inspection.
RCM Australian electrical product testing and Certification Institute, Australia and New Zealand are introducing the RCM logo to realize the unified identification of electrical products. The logo is a trademark owned by the regulatory authorities in Australia and New Zealand, which indicates that the product meets the safety regulations and EMC requirements at the same time and is not mandatory.
The joint standard of Australia and New Zealand starts with "as / NZS", which is basically consistent with IEC and contains some national differences. As Australia and New Zealand promote mutual recognition, products can be sold in another country as long as they are certified by one country. The EMC framework regulated by Australia and New Zealand is roughly the same as that of the European Union CE marking, adopting the self declaration method.
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) compliance program is based on the radio communications Act 1992 It covers a wide range of products, including motor driven and heating electrical products, electric tools and similar products, electric lamps and similar equipment, television receivers and audio equipment, information technology products, industrial science and medical equipment, ignition engine and arc welding equipment. According to the risk degree of electromagnetic interference, the products are divided into three categories. The second and third category products must be marked with c-tick. However, no matter what category the product belongs to, it must comply with relevant EMC standards.
RCM= Safety + EMC + Importer Declaration
RCM certification process
1、The third party's laboratory evaluates the products and determines the test standards to be carried out;
2、In case of non conformity, the laboratory will rectify the product to meet the Australian standard;
3、Pass the test and issue the test report;
4、Submit test report to Australian certification authority for document review;
5、Australia approved, issued RCM certificate;
6、Customers can complete the registration of Australia website by themselves or by the laboratory;
South Korea's Ministry of knowledge economy (mke) announced on August 25, 2008 that the national standards committee will implement a new national unified certification mark from July 2009 to December 2010, which stands for Korea certification. The current 13 kinds of compulsory signs will eventually be unified under this new sign.
KC mark certified product catalog
KC mark certification products list (KC certification product list) according to the provisions of "Korean electrical safety management law", since January 1, 2009, the safety certification of electrical appliances is divided into compulsory certification and self-discipline (voluntary) certification.
Compulsory certification means that all electronic products belonging to compulsory products can be sold in Korean market only after they have obtained KC mark certification. They need to undergo Factory review and product sampling test every year.
Self regulatory (voluntary) certification means that all electronic products that belong to voluntary products only need to be tested to obtain certificates, and do not need to be subject to Factory review. The certificate is valid for 5 years.
Technical data to be submitted for KC mark certification
In order to obtain KC mark certification certificate, product manufacturers need to apply for safety certification of electrical and electronic products to EST certification authority. Here the manufacturer refers to the factory that produces the products directly.When the same type of products are produced in different factories, each factory needs to apply for KC mark certification separately, because the factory names are different.
2、Product descriptions (or User's Manuals) : Korean Version
3、List of insulation materials (specified products)
5、Letter of authorization
8、Specification of Transformer
9、Products（The number of samples depends on the type of product）